Topic 1 What is deviant behavior

Deviant behavior associated to gender-based violence (GBV) refers to actions or conduct that preserve or contribute to violence, discrimination, harassment or any other harm against persons based on their gender. This kind of behavior is considered deviant because it infringes the established ethical standards, social norms and human rights. The forms of violence and misconduct are various, all of which target individuals based on their gender.

Two basketball related documents – Early Detection of GVP in Basketball: Raising awareness Handbook for coaches, trainers and staff, 2024 and FIBA safeguarding policy, 2022 explain in details the actions or conduct that lead to GBV such as:

  • Physical violence – any deliberate physical act causing injury or trauma to another person. This includes hitting, slapping, pushing, kicking, giving a person medicine that may harm them or the application of inappropriate restraint methods.
  • Psychological violence – any act or other treatment that may cause emotional damage and undermine an individual’s sense of well-being, including persistent criticism, denigration, isolation, verbal assault, humiliation, blaming, controlling, bullying, cyberbullying, intimidation, menacing, or use of threats.
  • Sexual violence – any sexual act or behavior that is non-consensual, including sexual assault, rape, sexual exploitation,  sexual advances, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature that creates hostile or intimidating surroundings, including non-contact activities, such as indecent exposure, involving individuals in witnessing sexual acts or looking at sexual images/pornography. 

The abuser may be an adult (over age 18) or a young person (age 13-17) who is intellectually, emotionally, physically, or sexually more mature than the victim. The abuser may also be any person who has authority and influence over the victim.

  • FIBA created the definition of certain Vulnerable Groups like:
    • Children – any person under 18 years old and
    • Adult at risk  – any person over the age of 18 who is vulnerable or at risk of abuse or neglect due to their   mental or physical incapacity, their age, illness, or the need for care or support (FIBA Safeguarding Policy   2022)

that could be victims of specific forms of violence like:

  • Financial abuse: stealing from or using an individual for financial or material benefit. The Professionals or future professional players are at a serious risk.
  • Neglect: the continuing failure to meet a person’s basic needs. It may be the failure to provide appropriate food and a roof. Still, it also could be the failure to protect the person from physical and emotional violence or the failure to ensure access to adequate medical care. It may also include disregard for basic emotional needs.